The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that provides a cushion between your femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone). There are two menisci in each knee joint.
They can be damaged or torn during activities that put pressure on or rotate the knee joint. Taking a hard tackle on the football field or a sudden pivot on the basketball court can result in a meniscus tear.
You don’t have to be an athlete to get a meniscus tear, though. Simply getting up too quickly from a squatting position can also cause a meniscal tear.
Arthroscopic ACL reconstruction(anterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament using normal tendon (hamstring/patellar tendon/quadriceps/peroneus)and fixating it with the bones using screws and buttons.
Arthroscopic PCL(posterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction reconstruction of posterior cruciate ligament using normal tendon (hamstring/patellar tendon/quadriceps/peroneus)and fixating it with the bones using screws and buttons.
Patella instability- congenital or post traumatic - recurrent dislocation
Knee cartilage injury- depending on the size of the cartilage defect following procedures
- Cartilage microfracture (small lesion) – creating micro-holes in the cartilage defect for healing.
- osteochondral autograft (medium lesion)– transfer of the small bone piece with normal cartilage from the normal area to the defect area.
- Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI)(large lesion)- it is a two stage procedure. First stage involves taking chondrocytes from the normal area and multiplication of cells in the laboratory. In second stage – transfer of those cells in the cartilage defect.
- Corrective osteotomy for restore alignment of the knee joint